Roaches are a fact of life in climates such as we have in Bermuda, and they are particularly prevalent in the summer months. Although we cannot entirely eliminate them from your home or business, there are some measures that are quite effective.
There are several hundred species of cockroaches in the world. The smallest cockroaches are the German and Brown-Banded. They are close to the same size and the adult seldom exceeds more than 5/8″ in length. The larger cockroaches, the American, the Oriental and the Smoky Brown, range in size from 1 1/4″ to 2″ long, and are typically found outdoors. They may occasionally invade structures or get carried indoors.
The cockroach has three life stages: the egg, nymph and adult. Cockroach eggs are deposited in a leathery capsule called an ootheca. This capsule is usually dropped or glued to a surface by the female as soon as it is formed; however, the German cockroach carries the egg capsule protruding from her body until the eggs are ready to hatch. There may be from 30-48 eggs in the German cockroach egg capsule. Other cockroaches may have only 10-28 eggs per capsule. Newly hatched nymphs have no wings and they shed their skins (molt) several times before becoming winged adults. German and Brown-Banded cockroaches develop quickly and may have several generations per year, but the larger outdoor species may require up to a year or more to develop from egg to adult.
Cockroaches hide in dark, sheltered places during the day and come out to feed at night. This is called nocturnal behavior. They may be found around kitchen sinks or drain boards, in cracks around, inside and beneath cabinets (especially upper corners), behind drawers, around pipes and conduits, behind window and door frames, in cracks and voids behind baseboards and moldings, under tables and chairs, in bathrooms, and in televisions and appliance cabinets. The German cockroach is usually found in the kitchen and bathroom, although it may be found throughout the home. The other species of cockroaches prefer damp, warm places and usually develop in garages, sewers, attics, storerooms and similar locations. They may enter the home from outside breeding sites.
Cockroaches can enter your home in many different ways, from the outside through cracks and crevices, vents, sewer and drain pipes. We even bring them in on products like grocery bags, boxes and purses, and with plenty of food, warmth, water and nesting sites, they can remain active all year round.
The dust created by cast-off cockroach skins, dead bodies and droppings can aggravate allergies, especially in children and sensitive individuals.